Every make and model has an exact tire size or range of sizes specified for it. When you replace your tires, it's essential to choose the right size for your vehicle to maintain performance and avoid unnecessary wear and tear. If you visit one of our seven Northwest Indiana tire store locations, we will make sure your replacement tires meet the manufacturer's specifications, but it's still a good idea for any driver to know where to reference the tire size and how to interpret the information.
You can find the correct tire size by looking at the side of one of your current tires. An alphanumeric code will be printed there that will look something like P185/60R14 82H. Each number and letter represents a specific measurement:
|P||Designates the type of vehicle the tire is designed to fit: passenger (P), light truck (LT), temporary spare (T), and special trailers (ST). No letter indicates that the tire is euro-metric.|
|185||Identifies the tire section width, which is the measurement of the tire from sidewall to sidewall in millimeters. This measurement varies depending on the rim to which the tire is fitted. (There are 25.4 millimeters per 1 inch.)|
|60||Is the two-figure aspect ratio. This percentage compares the tire's section height with the tire's section width. For example, the aspect ratio of 60 meaNs that the tire's section height is 60% of the tire's section width.|
|R||Is the letter that stands for the type of internal construction of the tire. R stands for radial construction. Almost all tires have radial construction. B means belted bias, and D stands for diagonal bias construction.|
|14||Is the last dimension listed in the size and represents the diameter of the wheel rim, which is most often measured in inches.|
|82||Refers to the load index and speed rating, or service description. It's the number that follows the tire size. The load index tells you how much weight the tire can support when properly inflated. Load indices range from 74 to 150 for passenger tires with each numeric value correspondidng to a certain carrying capacity. The carrying capacity for each value can be found on a load index chart. On each U.S. passenger car tire, the load limit is listed in pounds.|
|H||Designates the speed rating, represented by letters ranging from A to Z. Each letter coincides with the maximum speed a tire can sustain under its recommended load capacity. For example, S is equivalent to a max speed of 112 mph. Even though a tire can perform at this speed, we do not advocate exceeding legal speed limits.|
Always Drive on the Right Size Tires
Once you know what size tire you require, you can start considering styles, brands, and performance options. Find all the help you need at every step in the process by working with a professional tire shop.